The Baltic Sea is one of the busiest seas of the world with the highest frequency of ship traffic, but also the highest number of population in its catchment area along its coast. About 85 million people live in the Baltic drainage basin, 15 million within 10 km of the coast and 29 million within 50 km of the coast. The different sea uses are increasingly competing for the limited sea space.
Fishing and shipping have been traditional activities of the people living around the Baltic Sea for a very long time. The Baltic Sea fishery history dates back to the Stone Age.
Fishing and shipping
Closely related to shipping and fishing is the port development. There are more than 200 ports in the Baltic Sea. In 2008, the total amount of cargo handled in the Baltic Sea ports amounted to 822.4 million tonnes.
Port development
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On top of this, the fragile Baltic ecosystem and the threats of climate change call for a balanced multi-sectoral approach. An integrated, coordinated planning and management of all uses of the Sea, based on the ecosystem approach, is essential to solve the urgent problems of the Baltic Sea.
Wind energy, opposite to the oil, is clean, indigenous and inexhaustible. So far, wind farms have been erected mostly on land but there is an increasing interest to establish wind farms offshore where wind is stronger and impact on the neighbourhood smaller.
Wind energy
Although the Baltic States are not significant energy consumers or producers, they serve as a key transit location for Russian oil export.
Oil extraction and export
Tourism has a growing potential as one of the major sea use activities in the Baltic region. Currently, tourism activities in the coastal areas of the Eastern Baltic Sea mostly ...
One of the unfortunate side effects of the commercial fishing is by-catch of bird and mammal species. Alternative fishing gears can be used to reduce this danger to birds and seals. What kind of fishing gears could it be?
Alternative fishing gears
By-catch is everything that was caught unintentionally. Other than targeted fish species, birds, mammals and others sea creatures can be the by-catch.